Best College Guides 2019

Each year, many high school students find themselves facing one of the most daunting ordeals they have ever encountered: finding and applying to colleges. We know this is difficult, and if this is you, please know that you are not alone. Fortunately, there is a helpful tool available to help you learn the essential things that you need to remember before embarking on this newest chapter of your life: the college guide. While there are certainly tips that you can find online, a college guide is handy because it condenses this information into one source.
The best college guides will definitely help make your life less stressful. However, you need to be sure to choose the most appropriate guide. So in this article, we will review ten of the best college guides available on the market, focusing on some of the characteristics that make them stand out from among the hundreds of products available.

What to Look for in College Guides 2019

As with any product, college guides can vary greatly from each other, offering different kinds of advice and focusing on different aspects of college prep, from writing admission essays and getting appropriate letters of recommendations, all the way to how to deal with obnoxious roommates. Finding the right guide will obviously be a personal choice. However, there are a few things you should keep in mind when shopping for college guides.

Recency

Make sure you have the most current guide available. Information changes constantly, from college rankings to application processes, so having the most up-to-date information is essential. If you do end up with an older guide, we highly recommend visiting the college’s website as well just to make sure you have the most accurate information.
Suitability

Whether you are still searching for the best colleges to apply to, or you’re looking for advice on balancing a job with your school, there are specific books to help you with the information you need. Invest in the guide that addresses your particular need(s).
Depth

Finally, be sure to gauge the depth of the guide. Make sure that the book that you are going to buy is comprehensive enough so that you don’t have to spend a fortune on four or five guides. While there are already a lot of guides that you can find free online, they only offer condensed and incomplete advice. The best college guides contain information that you would not necessarily find when you search on the internet. If the book is no different from online searches, then there is no need to buy that book.

All College Guides 2019

1. Fiske Guide to Colleges 2019

At the top of our list is the Fiske Guide to Colleges 2019. We consider this to be one of the best college guides available. It contains fully-updated content, provides an inside look at the best and most interesting schools in various countries, and provides a list of popular majors and strong programs for each school. In addition, it also gives basic admission stats for each school, including average SAT scores, financial aid stats, and acceptance rates.

Fiske Guide to Colleges 2019 - Best College Guides 2019

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2. The College Bound Organizer: The Ultimate Guide to Successful College Applications

The College Bound Organizer: The Ultimate Guide to Successful College Applications dives into the entire college application process. It addresses what admission officers are looking for in a student application, provides tips for building a personal profile (including common mistakes to avoid), and gives pointers for developing your essays to stand out and mark you as a promising and strong addition to your chosen schools. It also provides tips for securing recommendation letters, applying for financial aid, and handling admissions interviews. For those of you who are overwhelmed with the admissions process, this is a very useful guide.

The College Bound Organizer: The Ultimate Guide to Successful College Applications - Best College Guides 2019

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3. College Admission—How to Get Into Your Dream School: Real Students, Real Stories

This guide also addresses the process of getting into college, but it begins much earlier during the process period, giving advice on what to do early on in high school to make your future college application stand out. How to Get Into Your Dream School provides personal stories and strategies from students, high school counselors, and college admissions officers, all of which are aimed at helping you choose and get into your dream school. Key topics include: how to choose the right college, application processes and tips, and advice for parents, among others. In our opinion, one of the real treasures of this book is the collection of actual college essays that successfully helped students get selected by their first-choice schools.

College Admission—How to Get Into Your Dream School: Real Students, Real Stories - Best College Guides 2019

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4. The Best 384 Colleges, 2019 Edition

If you’re having trouble selecting which colleges to apply to, you might want to check out The Best 384 Colleges. This book ranks and rates 384 excellent colleges based on a wide range of characteristics. These include: academics, campus life and the social scene, financial aid, administration rankings, etc. The rankings were compiled from the results of over 100,000 student surveys from across hundreds of schools. If any guide will help you select the best school for you, this would do it.

The Best 384 Colleges, 2019 Edition - Best College Guides 2019

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5. The Complete Book of Colleges, 2019 Edition

The Complete Book of Colleges is a mega-guide of 1,366 colleges and universities. This comprehensive guidebook offers profiles of public and private schools, in terms of admissions, financial aid, and academics, among others. It’s similar in scope to the previous book, but the material is presented in a different way and covers a much larger number of schools.

The Complete Book of Colleges, 2019 Edition - Best College Guides 2019

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6. Best Colleges 2019: Find the Best Colleges for You!

This guide, also designed to help you decide on the best school(s) to apply to, gives invaluable help that some of the other books do not provide. As just a few examples, it gives advice on how to research college choices, draw up a shortlist of schools, and fill out a complete and memorable application. It also provides a range of college majors that are poised for growth, and even gives expert advice on landing remarkable financial aid package. The key feature, though, is being able to browse through its directory of over 1,600 schools.

Best Colleges 2019: Find the Best Colleges for You! - Best College Guides 2019

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7. Colleges That Change Lives

What makes this guide unique is that it whittles away the colleges until it selects what the book authors feel are the 40 best schools in the nation. There is a twist, however, in that most of these schools fly under the radar. In fact, you may not have even heard of most of them. There is also a chapter that guides students with learning disabilities to help find a school that will best suit their needs.

Colleges That Change Lives - Best College Guides 2019

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8. A Starter Guide to College for Clueless Students & Parents

The honestly-titled, A Starter Guide to College for Clueless Students & Parents, has got you covered if you want to gain more (and even basic) knowledge regarding college. It covers topics like applications, admissions, college selections, and advice on how to finish strong in college. It also covers standardized test practices, admissions statistics, checklists, testing rules, financial aid, and even an overall look at how to prepare for college from a financial perspective.

A Starter Guide to College for Clueless Students & Parents - Best College Guides 2019

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9. The Naked Roommate: And 107 Other Issues You Might Run Into in College

Among the best college guides we have presented here, this book has carved out for itself a distinctive niche, because it gives you a behind-the-scenes look at the more social aspects of college. It covers the dos and don’ts of living in a dorm, social network etiquettes, and classroom introductions. It also gives stories from students from over 100 colleges, discussing the basics of some of the exciting (and potentially horrifying) experiences when going to college.

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10. The Freshman Survival Guide

Completing our list is The Freshman Survival Guide, an updated guide that offers practical tools and tips specifically aimed at freshmen students as they navigate through college. It does not shy away from sensitive issues either, and covers such topics as sexual assault, mental health, and work-life balance. It also covers topics on dating, money, and focus. This guide does a remarkable job of helping students prepare for one of the biggest changes in their lives.

The Freshman Survival Guide - Best College Guides 2019

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Conclusion

College is an exciting time, but the preparation and application process can be stressful. Fortunately, there are guides to help you through every step of the process, and we’ve tried to select the best ones available. Whether you are just starting to look for schools, or you are all packed and ready to move into your dorm next week, we hope this has been helpful, and we wish you the best. College can be stressful, but it is also a fun and exciting time, and these guides will hopefully help remove some of that stress for you, so you can focus on this awesome new chapter of your lives.

Best Fountain Pens

If you are reading this, you might be looking for the best fountain pens. Who wouldn’t, considering its quality and its chic appearance? A lot of people might think that fountain pens are a little dated or inconvenient, but you would know that they have not tried it yet. These pens are very similar to ordinary pens in terms of the way you use them for writing. But what makes them different is its structure.

The best fountain pens would surely relieve you from the any blotches or damages. Hence, there is a need to choose the most appropriate pen to avoid any mishap or troubles in the future. So in this article, we will review the features of ten of the best fountain pens which you could buy on the market. We focused on the distinctive features which make each of these fountain pens unique from one another. By pointing out their salient characteristics, you could narrow your choices down. This would give you a better opportunity at picking your ideal pen.

Aside from characteristics, we have also identified the prices of each of the fountain pens. We have also described the features that you should look for before purchasing the best fountain pens on the market. Don’t worry if you are not familiar with fountain pens. We will also discuss here what you should look for when buying one.

All Fountain Pens

1. Pilot Metropolitan Collection Fountain Pen Model 91111

The Pilot Metropolitan Collection Fountain Pen Model 91111 is a sleek pen with the finest quality. It is designed with an excellent writing performance in mind. Fresh and modern, this fountain pen is built with a brass barrel and stainless accents and nib. It has several chic colors that you could choose from: black, gold, and silver. This fountain pen has additional black ink cartridge and a press plate converter.

 

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2. Dryden Luxury Fountain Pen

The Dryden Luxury Fountain Pen features a modern classic look. Similar to some of the best fountain pens here, this vintage pen has the right weight and comfort ratio to give you a comfortable and graceful writing experience. Its elegant ink flow is to die for, and its cartridge system is convenient. Elegant and innovative, this fountain could surely last the test of time.

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3. Dryden Fine Nib Fountain Pen

The Dryden Fine Nib Fountain Pen is another product from Dryden which features a modern classic look. This vintage fountain pen has the right weight and comfort ratio to give you a comfortable and graceful writing experience. Its ergocomfort technology provides you hours of uninterrupted writing without any strain to your hand. Elegant and innovative, this fountain could surely last the test of time.

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4. Lamy Safari Fountain Pen

For a quality fountain pen, we also recommend the Lamy Safari Fountain Pen. It features a timelessly modern aesthetic and excellent functionality, making it the best value for money. It includes a Lamy T10 Blue cartridge in case you want to refill. It also features a charcoal black colored plastic body, a black coated steel nib, and a fine point.

Lamy Safari Fountain Pen - Best Fountain Pens

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5. Pilot Metropolitan Collection Fountain Pen Model 91107

The Pilot Metropolitan Collection Fountain Pen Model 91107 is another chic pen offering by Pilot. It is designed with an excellent writing performance for everyday use. Timeless yet modern, this fountain pen consists of a medium nib, a black ink cartridge, and a press plate converter. It further features durable brass barrels, matte finishes, and polished accents that would scream utter sophistication.

Pilot Metropolitan Collection Fountain Pen Model 91107 - Best Fountain Pens

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6. Dryden Luxury Bamboo Fountain Pen

Enjoy a comfortable writing experience when you use Dryden Luxury Bamboo Fountain Pen. This is a handcrafted executive fountain pen with a vintage yet chic design. It is also noted for its smooth, refined nib. It comes with a matching bamboo case, making it a perfect gift idea. It is also perfect for calligraphy, journaling, and signing. This particular fountain pain includes a high-quality converter.

Dryden Luxury Bamboo Fountain Pen - Best Fountain Pens

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7. Pilot MR Retro Pop Collection Fountain Pen

For a unique style, you could choose Pilot MR Retro Pop Collection Fountain Pen. Its retro styling is something worth noticing, especially the fact that you could choose from various colors depending on your preference. These include gray with hound’s tooth, green with marble, and purple with an ellipse. It features a brass barrel and a fine point stainless steel fountain pen nib. It comes with a converter and a black-ink cartridge.

Pilot MR Retro Pop Collection Fountain Pen - Best Fountain Pens

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8. Zenzoi Fountain Pen Writing Set Case

The Zenzoi Fountain Pen Writing Set Case is a handcrafted fountain pen with a matching bamboo case. Its design is antique yet elegant for use on various events. It features has a medium nib for smooth signature writing. It also has a modern ink refill converter which draws ink directly from the ink bottle of your choice.

 

fountain pen

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9. Wordsworth & Black Fountain Pen Set

We also included the Wordsworth & Black Fountain Pen Set as one of the best fountain pens in the market. It offers balance and beauty, all rolled into one elegant fountain pen. It features six ink cartridges complete with an easy to use ink cartridge. This pen has a medium nib which allows for perfect ink flow. With its luxurious feel and its functionality, you could also use this as a luxury gift.

Wordsworth & Black Fountain Pen Set - Best Fountain Pens

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10. Cross Bailey Fountain Pen

Completing the list is the Cross Bailey Fountain Pen. This features classic styling with rich lacquer finishes. It has a multi-groove center ring with deep cut engraving. It also consists of a medium fountain pen nib that is stainless still. Being designed with an eye for detail, you could find several additional features which you may not see in other fountain pens such as its distinctive Cap-over-barrel styling.

Cross Bailey Fountain Pen - Best Fountain Pens

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What to Look for in Fountain Pens

One of the first things that you should do before buying any product is to identify the salient features which it should have. That is the case when looking for the best fountain pens. As a customer, you should make sure that the product that you will buy possesses at least one of the ideal features that it should have. By doing so, you would ensure yourself of the excellent performance of this tool. Here, then, are the things to consider before buying the best fountain pens.

Ink Filling Convenience

Ensure that the fountain pen that you are going to choose should have a convenient ink filling system. The best fountain pens require the use of ink. However, you do not get to fill them all in the same way. There are various ways in which you could fill ink in your pen. Some fountain pens have a built-in ink filling system where you could just fill your pen with ink straight from the bottle in a vacuum mechanism. There is also the cartridge mechanism with a high convenience but medium capacity. Converters and Eyedroppers are also good ink filling systems.

Design of the Body

You should also take note of the body design of your fountain pen. The design may directly affect your comfort in using it. As much as the design has no direct impact on the functionality, several users prefer to have an attractive design and good construction. We recommend those with a rustic design and feel. Most pens are made of metal or plastic, with the former being heavier than the latter. The size also matters since it could result in cramping of your hand.

Tip Size

Finally, you have to ensure that you have just the right tip size. This feature would determine who wide a line it would make. The size would range from extra fine to broad. We recommend that you use a pen with a broad tip if you have large handwriting. On the other hand, you use a pen with a fine tip if you have small handwriting.

The features which we have mentioned above are just some of the salient features that you should consider before purchasing the best fountain pens. By scrutinizing different fountain pens using the aforementioned characteristics, you could narrow your selection down to the one that suits your preference the most.

Conclusion

Now that we have identified the best fountain pens, we leave the final decision up to you as far as the final product is concerned. If you put these features side by side each other, while taking into account the ideal characteristics present, you could pick the best product to use. The final decision rests solely on your preference among the said products.

20 Best Resources for English Teachers

Teaching English can be a lot of fun! Even as a native speaker, though, there may be times when you are unsure of your knowledge and understanding of the language. It is sometimes difficult to elaborate on what we know, especially if there are some technical and minor grammar rules with which we may be unfamiliar. This is especially true for those who teach ESL, as ESL students will commonly compare English grammar to their own native languages. Therefore, it is helpful to have guides and sources of plans and strategies to further develop your own knowledge and skills. On this list, we have identified 20 of the best resources for English teachers.

Resources range from websites to publications. You may already be familiar with some items on the list, but we’re willing to bet there are some new resources here that will greatly benefit you. For the reason stated above, several of these resources are geared and designed with the ESL teacher and students in mind. However, many of these resources will be useful for new English teachers who want to learn more strategies and techniques.

1. Goodreads

To start off our list, we chose Goodreads. This website is an excellent resource for finding book recommendation for a class. The website allows users to organize the books into different, user-customizable “shelves,” allowing for quick reference at a later time.

2. UsingEnglish

For ESL teachers, UsingEnglish is an excellent resource for your class. It contains an extensive collection of materials, ranging from grammar rules, language tests, and idiomatic expressions for students, to handouts and lesson plans for teachers.

3. Grammarly

Full disclosure, I am a Grammarly affiliate, but I cannot live without this tool and I think it is a great resource for students and teachers alike. They even have a program called Grammarly@edu for teachers. I use the free for Chrome plugin and it is so much better than the built-in Chrome spell-checker. Every time I write a blog article, Grammarly scours my post to find any issues with my spelling or grammar. They even offer plugins for Microsoft Office so you can use the power of the tool from within Windows! I have never paid for the Premium version and enjoy the benefits of the free version all the same.

4. Purdue OWL

Purdue OWL is also a great resource for English teachers who want to improve their knowledge of writing styles, grammar, and proper citations. It primarily acts as a reference guide for using various styles, such as MLA, APA, and Chicago. Handouts and online practices are available, as well.

5. Kahoot

Kahoot makes it easy to construct exciting trivia quizzes and learning games in a matter of minutes. In this platform, you can create topic-specific questions that are tailored to your class and its needs. There are also learning games available for tablets and smartphones. Kahoot is an easy way for English teachers to integrate technology into their teaching.

6. FluentU

FluentU contains thousands of videos, ranging from movie trailers and music videos to inspiring talks. It includes an integrated dictionary that provides definitions, audio, and images, which help explain difficult concepts found within the videos. The website also provides an immersive experience with video quizzes, assignments, and much more. This site is especially interesting, in that it has materials for a wide range of languages.

7. American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL)

As I mentioned earlier, this list is not only comprised of websites. Some of these are publications where you could find the latest journals about current trends in teaching English. For example, the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) offers pointers for aligning your curriculum to national standards. It is an excellent way to stay abreast of the latest guidelines and philosophies for teaching English.

8. Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA)

Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) is another publication site where teachers can purchase PDFs and books. These resources contain the latest topics in language education. While these are not resources that can directly aid you in your teaching, they are certainly resources that can aid in your professional development.

9. Scholastic Teachables

Scholastic has great resources for teachers who want to make teaching a lot easier and more engaging. With ready-to-go lesson plans and reproducible materials, Scholastic Teachables does just that. It’s handy and exhaustive list of resources, organized by all manner of categories (such as topic, themes, or grade levels), can save you hours of time preparing your lessons.

10. Book Wizard

With Scholastic’s Book Wizard, your students can discover books specifically meeting their reading level. Users can also filter the levels according to Guided Reading, DRA levels, Grade Equivalents, and Lexile measures. Book Wizard is an excellent way to select books that individual students can read themselves at their own pace.

11. The Literacy Shed

For those who are looking for excellent visual materials, we recommend The Literacy Shed. The Literacy Shed is home to a rich number of video clips, ideal for students who learn better by watching. The videos are organized by topic, and there are over thirty topics from which to choose. Aside from these resources, the site also provides lessons to aid in reading and comprehension.

12. EnglishGrammar.org

EnglishGrammar.Org is another excellent website for those who want to devote their time to helping students improve their grammar. The website provides grammar lessons, rules, and exercises. This is an excellent way to help students improve their writing skills and oral communications. Everything is covered for everyone, regardless of the level of difficulty.

13. Common Sense Media

Common Sense Media helps teachers navigate the world of technology by providing reviews to help you find the right app, website, or game. The site also contains lots of tricks and tips to improve your teaching, Fas well as advice and reviews for new educational technology tools.

14. Pink Monkey

We have also included Pink Monkey as one of the best resources for English teachers. There are a lot of reasons why. Primarily, it offers a large compilation of free online literature summaries. In addition, there are over 460 study guides and book notes with which you can elaborate on your lessons.

15. BrightHub

This is a great site for ESL teachers. The site discusses how to teach and learn the language, providing lesson plans, how-to guides, and activities to further improve your teaching approach.

16. Crash Course

Crash Course is the brainchild of brothers John and Hank Green. It is a YouTube channel devoted to teaching concepts ranging from math to literature. John typically handles the literature and English component, offering engaging explanations of various pieces of literature. Combined with remarkable animation, his witty overviews offer memorable English lessons.

17. English Grammar Online

English Grammar Online is another website that focuses on teaching English as a foreign language. This site offers exercises, tests, and other activities, all aimed to help the ESL teacher teach and test effectively.

18. ESLpartyland.com

ESLpartyland.com provides English teachers, especially those who teach ESL students, with some engaging materials to further motivate the students to learn the language better. These include films, videos, music, and other engaging activities.

19. Busy Teacher

With Busy Teacher, you have access to a database of more than 17,300 free printable worksheets and lesson plans. Whether your student is still a beginner or already advanced, Busy Teacher can help you save several hours of preparation. Aside from providing resources essential in class, Busy Teacher also provides professional development articles to help you grow as a teacher.

20. Turnitin

To complete our list, we included Turnitin. This resource allows you to interact online with your students’ papers. Fully compatible with Blackboard, Canvas, Noodle, and other education platforms, Turnitin offers comprehensive grammar discussions, grading rubrics, and even plagiarism checks. It provides a great place for your students to learn and study writing from the first draft to its final submission.

Wrapping Up

In all honesty, there are really more than just 20 excellent resources for English teachers. It all comes down to your needs and preferences. Regardless, there are enough options here to allow any teacher, regardless of needs, to find the resources he or she needs to become a better, more well-rounded English teacher. In fact, we hope this list helps you become a great English teacher!

How to Capitalize Email Subjects Properly

Whether you’re sending emails for work or personal, you want to make sure that you are using the correct title capitalization rules for email subjects. You don’t want to send an email to an important client only to realize you made a capitalization mistake in the email subject line.

Indeed, subject lines are sometimes deemed as minor details in an email since the content of the email is more important. However, most people still regard subject lines as important because it is the first impression anyone gets from your email and often can be the reason someone opens your email. For instance, a good subject line could help you earn a possible employer’s attention when you are trying to apply for a job while a poorly written subject line could be why your email marketing funnel is failing.

Even the slightest mistake in your email subject could completely derail the tone of your email. When you made a slight mistake in the capitalization of your subject, you might have already missed the mark and the receiver of the email may completely disregard the rest of your email.

By learning the best email subject capitalization techniques, you will be able to stand out from the rest of the emails crowding inboxes these days. You will be able to communicate with other people more efficiently. In this article, we are going to share to you what you need to know about email subject capitalization. We are also going to provide you several examples so that you could differentiate a good subject line from a bad subject line.

Using Sentence Case in Email Subject Lines

In every email, it is important to have a subject line which is easy to read and understand. Capitalizing your email subject lines in sentence case makes them easier to read since the words are easier to distinguish.

Hence, capitalizing every word on your subject is really not a good practice. Some people think that subject lines are like titles where most of the content words should be capitalized. Remember, this is not an essay. Treat your subject line as if it is the first sentence of your email. Take a look at the example below.

Good: This is a good subject line
Bad: This Is A Bad Subject Line

Like any other sentence, you should capitalize the first word of your subject line. Keep in mind that proper nouns should also be capitalized. It’s a universal convention and emails are no exception to this rule.

Why is capitalizing your subject line like a sentence important? The reason is very simple. By doing so, you appear more casual and approachable towards the person you are sending the email to. In addition to this, the style is easiest to remember since you only have to capitalize the first letter. You won’t need to be reviewing your capitalization rules time and again.

Using Title Case in Email Subject Lines

As we have mentioned before, using sentence case in email subjects is a good practice since it sounds more casual. But there are some situations which call for using title case in subject lines. The use of title case is a less common email subject capitalization technique, but it works in many subject lines especially in the business world since it looks more professional.

To be able to use the title case correctly, you must capitalize the following words in accordance with the APA, MLA, or Chicago style:

  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Verbs
  4. Adjectives
  5. Adverbs

Aside from the words we have enumerated above, you should also capitalize the first word and any word that is more than three letters wrong.

If these rules are too complicated to remember, you can always use a free title capitalization tool like ours.

The use of title case would make your subject lines more formal and polished. However, you should make sure that your subject line is not too long or else it would be too overwhelming.

Avoid Using All Caps

In written text, it is a universal fact that using all caps would seem like you are yelling. It is really different when you are typing in sentence case like this. IT IS ALSO DIFFERENT WHEN YOU ARE TYPING LIKE THIS. It’s as if you are screaming from the other side of the internet.

This is indeed a wrong option, and we do not recommend that you do so. It is a risky move because using all caps in your subject lines will trigger spam filters. Capitalizing even just a word in your subject line could increase the chance that your email would be sent straight to the spam bin.

Good: Tips to make your picture better
Bad: TIPS TO MAKE YOUR PICTURE BETTER

Looking at the example alone, we could safely say that all caps are bad for your email. Just don’t.

Avoid Using Weird Caps

Weird caps tend to grab someone’s attention, but it comes across as a joke to most people. iMaGiNe gEttInG to rEaD sUbJeCt LiNeS liKe tHiS. It is a very immature thing to do. Most people – if not all – would also treat it as spam and remove it immediately. Should your message be important, people will not be able to read what you want them to read.

Keep in mind that weird caps are distracting and should not be used at all.

Wrapping Up

So which is the best email subject capitalization technique to use? While title case is generally more professional, we recommend using sentence case for most email communications since it will allow you to connect better with the recipient.

How to Capitalize in Microsoft Office Products – Word, Powerpoint, Excel

Did you know you didn’t need to rely on our title capitalization tool if you use Microsoft Word? Microsoft Word has some basic title capitalization tools that you can use in a pinch if your text is in all caps or has generally messed-up capitalization.

Convert Case in Microsoft Word

Converting case is really simple in Microsoft Word. If you go to the ribbon option under “Home” for “Change Case” (also found with shortcut ALT+H+7) you’ll find the following options:

  • Sentence case: Only the first letter of each sentence is capitalized in sentence case.
  • lowercase: Self-explanatory, but this option lowercases all of the letters.
  • UPPERCASE: Also self-explanatory, but all the letters are uppercased.
  • Capitalize Each Word: This style is also known as title case or First Letter and is the most common capitalization method for titles and headlines.
  • tOGGLE cASE: This style will reverse the case of every letter in the selected text. For example, “tHIs IS PoORLy CAPitaLIZED” will change to “ThiS is pOorlY capITAlized”.

Microsoft Word - Uppercase all caps capitalizationTo actually capitalize words using these options, you just select the text you want the rules to apply to and then select case you want to convert to from the menu (or use the shortcut).

Convert Case in Microsoft PowerPoint

PowerPoint has the same capitalization options as Microsoft Word located under the ribbon option “Home” and then “Change Case” (also found with shortcut ALT+H+7). This will make sure all your slide headers use the same capitalization rules.

Microsoft Powerpoint - capitalization

 

Convert Case in Microsoft Excel

Excel is different from the above two Microsoft products because it is a spreadsheet tool based mostly on formulas and data. However, there are formulas built into Excel that allow for some basic title capitalization.

Converting text to uppercase in Excel

Excel has a built-in formula for converting text to uppercase. It’s simply called “UPPER”.

=UPPER(text)

The formula works by converting a string (or cell reference) between the parentheses to uppercase. You can see how this formula is used in the following screenshot:

Excel uppercase formula

Converting text to lowercase in Excel

Excel has a built-in formula for converting text to lowercase. It’s simply called “LOWER”.

=LOWER(text)

The formula works by converting a string (or cell reference) between the parentheses to lowercase. You can see how this formula is used in the following screenshot:

Excel lowercase formula

Converting text to title case in Excel

Excel has a built-in formula for converting text to title case. It’s simply called “PROPER”.

=PROPER(text)

The formula works by converting a string (or cell reference) between the parentheses to title case. You can see how this formula is used in the following screenshot:

Excel proper case formula - title case

 

Conclusion

Overall, Microsoft Office has some great tools for capitalizing titles and text. While they don’t offer checks against the latest style guides, they work pretty well. Go ahead, try using the built-in Microsoft Office capitalization tools!

How to Check Word Count in Microsoft Word

Whether you’ve written yourself a daily writing goal, are cramming word count for a final essay, or are just curious how long your novel is so far, calculating how many words you have written is a fairly common task. There are many ways to get an accurate word count including counting each word by hand, using an online word counter tool, or the easiest way of all…right in your word processor! That’s right, Microsoft Word (and Google Docs) have built-in word counters. Today we’ll walk you through how to use Microsoft Word’s word count tool.

Count Words as You Type in Microsoft Word

The simplest way to use the word counter in Microsoft Word is to just type your text and then look at the bottom left corner. Next to the page count, you should see your word count as you can see in the screenshot below:

Microsoft Word - word counter

If you’re unable to see the word count, you may need to right-click on the bottom left bar and select it:

Microsoft Word - word counter selection

If you want more details about your document, such as character or paragraph counts,  you can click on the word count and a new pop-up will display with these details:

Microsoft Word - word counter details

 

Getting Word Count Through the Ribbon

Another way you can get word count is through the Microsoft Office ribbon at the top of Microsoft Word. If you click on the “Review” tab, you’ll see “Word Count” right next to “Spelling & Grammar” and “Thesaurus.” This will open the same details pop-up as above.

Microsoft Word - word counter ribbon

Microsoft Word - word counter details

Count Words in a Selection

If you only want the amount of words in a certain selection of text, you can simply highlight that text and the word counter at the bottom will update to show only the word count in that selection:

Microsoft Word - word counter selection of text

Additionally, the details pop-up will also show the new selection data:

Microsoft Word - word counter selection of text details

 

Conclusion

Hopefully, this guide gave you a quick overview of how to do a word count in Word. If you won’t feel like copying your text into Word everytime you want to count the number of words, you can always use an online tool. We have a word counter tool and we’ve also built simple word counting into our title capitalization tool.

Grammarly: A writer’s best friend – Grammarly Review 2019

Grammarly is our favorite grammar checker here at Capitalize My Title. We use the Chrome plugin all the time when we’re writing on this blog and writing emails so we wanted to share a little bit about why we love Grammarly so much. First, let’s talk a little bit about what Grammarly is.

What is Grammarly?

Grammarly is a free online grammar checker that lets you proofread articles, essays, emails, book chapters, and more for common grammar and spelling mistakes as well as typos. You can either write directly in their editor or upload documents you have written. There’s even a Google Chrome plugin that will edit documents and blog posts created outside of the Grammarly website. I used the plugin to edit this post! Hopefully this Grammarly review will convince you that Grammarly is an amazing tool.

They also offer a premium service that will uncover deeper grammatical issues and plagiarism detection.

I think you’ll agree with me when I say typos and grammar mistakes are embarrassing. Grammarly takes the guesswork out of proofreading.

Features

Grammarly has a number of unique features that make it the best grammar checker on the market:

  • Grammar checking: It has a highly effective grammar checking feature that can greatly benefit writers and bloggers. It has very high accuracy which was quite surprising coming from an automated tool.
  • Integrates seamlessly with Google Chrome: One of the best features of Grammarly is that it works flawlessly with Google Chrome. Simply install the Grammarly Chrome plugin and start letting Grammarly correct your writing across the internet.
  • Proofreading: It can be used to proofread business cover letters and academic papers. It can also be used to edit a novel or a casual email. Proofreading comes free with Grammarly unlike other proofreading tools which are available in the market.
  • Plagiarism detector: Plagiarism checking is a premium feature of the application. It can successfully check more than eight billion web pages when it is used to make documents. This is good for making data both standard and unique.
  • Suggestions for vocabulary enhancement: The application has an excellent database of vocabulary. It gives suggestions to improve the usage of vocabulary as you type. This feature is useful for people who have the habit of repeating some words when preparing documents.
  • 150 critical spelling and grammar checks: Grammarly has an algorithm that is designed to check for over 150 critical grammar checks on documents. This feature is useful for people who are victims of making many mistakes during writing. Furthermore, it has a user interface that is both responsive and very simple to use. This is because Grammarly executes when the user begins writing and provides results when writing stops.

Pros

  • Integrates into Google Chrome so you don’t need to do anything else to get feedback
  • Excellent grammar proofreading with an extensive online knowledgebase
  • Extremely useful for non-English speakers
  • Free version checks for over 100 different grammar rules (Premium does over 400)

Cons

  • Grammarly Premium costs $29.95/mo ($11.66/mo for annual plan) which some users may balk at
  • A proofreading is still necessary since Grammarly will not catch every mistake

grammarly discount banner - grammarly review

What Grammarly Checks For

Grammarly checks for three main things: grammar, spelling, and vocabulary.

  • Grammar: Grammarly checks your text for over 150 grammar rules (over 250 if you get Premium). It can check everything from subject-verb agreement to article use to modifier placement.
  • Spelling: Spell checkers have been around for a long time, but Grammarly takes spell checking to another level. Their algorithm spots erroneous use of lose/loose, affect/effect, lie/lay, there/their/they’re, and many other commonly confused words.
  • Vocabulary: In addition to the grammar and spell checking, Grammarly will also suggest synonyms that it thinks will make your writing more powerful by analyzing the content as you write.
  • Plagarism: One of Grammarly’s unique features is its ability to automatically check for plagiarism within your work so that you know immediately whether you need to include citations or redo the writing.

Is Grammarly Premium Worth It?

The Grammarly cost for a premium package is $29.95/month (or $11.66/month if you buy the annual package) which offers additional features you can’t find in the free version or the Grammarly Chrome plugin.

The features that are found in the premium version vs the free version can be seen in the table below:

FeatureFreePremium
150 critical grammar and spelling checks
250+ additional advanced grammar and spelling checksX
Vocabulary enhancement suggestionsX
Genre-specific writing style checksX
Plagiarism detector that checks more than 8 billion web pagesX

Premium customers have even seen dramatic results over the free version:

  • 99% of students see improved writing grades
  • 76% of customers find writing more enjoyable
  • 85% of customers are stronger writers

Overall, the premium version offers some great features that definitely help people become better writers.

How to Use Grammarly to Check Grammar

Using Grammarly was a breeze. All I did was go to their website and create an account. I also added the Google Chrome plugin when I registered.

Once I had an account, using Grammarly was very natural. The interface is very similar to Google Docs.

When you first log in, you can either create a new document or upload an existing one.

grammarly-dashboard

Once you have created a new document you can click on it and be taken to the editor. I used two paragraphs from one of my other sites, Viola Central, as an example:

viola-central-post

As you can see from the image above, Grammarly does a great job of capturing the key errors. While it is not 100% (it says my use of the word “viola” might be incorrect and could possibly be “villa”), it certainly works well enough.

The interface is very similar when using the Google Chrome plugin. Grammarly will check for grammar errors and typos while you type, underlining words and phrases it thinks may have issues.

Testing Grammarly

In order to show you how powerful Grammarly’s algorithms are, I have taken a sample poorly written paragraph from an English class website at Penn State University.

According to the PSU website, the paragraph has the circled four errors that were identified by human proofreaders:

psu-example-answers

Let’s see how Grammarly did:

grammarly-psu-example

Wow! Grammarly identified more errors than the human did and actually offered suggestions.

How Does Grammarly Compare with Competitors?

Grammarly vs Ginger

Grammarly’s closest competitor is Ginger Software. Like Grammarly, Ginger offers a Google Chrome and Microsoft Office plugin in addition to the online portal. They are also free. In fact, the offer plenty of options for which devices you can use Ginger on including: Windows app, iOS, Android, Chrome extension, Safari extension.

I personally prefer Grammarly’s online interface over Ginger’s. Grammarly immediately shows you the errors on the right-hand side of the screen whereas Ginger forces you to scroll over the word/phrase.

Ginger's interface requires users to hover over the word
Ginger’s interface requires users to hover over the word

.

Grammarly vs Hemingway

Hemingway is another app that can be used for checking your writing. However, it does this in a different way than Grammarly. While Grammarly will point out specific grammar issues, Hemingway will focus on the bigger picture of your writing. Hemingway will give you feedback on whether sentences are hard to read and some general stats about your writing, such as how many adverbs you used, but it won’t give you much else. You are on your own to make the corrections it suggests.

We love Hemingway as a writing platform, but cannot recommend it as a good grammar checker.

hemingway app

Other Benefits of Grammarly

Grammarly boasts of providing consumers with a ton benefits including:

  • It has the potential of scanning for up to one hundred and fifty common and even advanced grammar rules. This is very good as it only shows its robustness and how thorough it is
  • It is designed to even check for plagiarism and go the extra mile to create references that it considers the text was lifted from
  • It has free online services i.e. community-driven forum, reference guide and a thesaurus
  • The application is available as a plug-in for Microsoft Word
  • The premium version contextually scans texts for typos and mistakes and proceeds to provide suggestions to improve the writing
  • It has 100% money back guarantee. This means that consumers can have their money reimburse if they are not happy with the product
  • It allows people to utilize either UK or US standards
  • Its features are customizable
  • It can be used for by schools, businesses, and individuals

grammarly discount banner - grammarly review

Final Words

In using Grammarly for the past month, I have come to love this grammar checker. As the example above proved, Grammarly actually performs better than a human proofreader in most cases. However, Grammarly does offer human proofreading in their Premium service at 2 cents per word for 24-hour turnaround. Hopefully this Grammarly review proved why this free grammar checker is amazing. Here’s a quick recap:

Pros

  • Integrated within your browser so you don’t need to do anything else to get feedback
  • Excellent grammar proofreading with an extensive online knowledgebase
  • Extremely useful for non-English speakers
  • Free version checks for over 100 different grammar rules (Premium does up to 250)

Cons

  • Pro version costs $29.99/mo which some users may balk at
  • A proofreading is still necessary since Grammarly will not catch every mistake

Go ahead, give Grammarly a free try and see if you don’t feel the same as me! I hope this Grammarly review has convinced you.

Resume Capitalization Rules and Guidelines

So you are applying for a job that requires a resume and want to make sure it looks the best it can. A resume encapsulates all of your accomplishments, from your educational attainment to your related experiences. Your resume is the first impression you make on a new employer and so adherence to proper grammar conventions is a must. Your future employer could make the decision between you and another candidate solely based on grammar alone if all other parts of the applications are similar. While there are a lot of grammar rules that go into resumes, today we will focus only on resume capitalization rules.

There are a lot of rules that you should take into consideration when creating resumes. But capitalization rules are one of the most important things to consider since employers often scan a resume in under six seconds to determine whether they should read further. Not only is capitalization one of the first things that your employee might see, but it’s also important to highlight the important parts of your resume such as your previous jobs and education. Hence, capitalization rules are very important so that you can show that you pay attention to details to your future employer. In this article, we will highlight some common resume capitalization rules. Please be mindful of these rules because they could make or break your next job application.

If you want to quickly and easily capitalize parts of your resume, you can use our free title capitalization tool here.

Capitalizing Job Titles

Job titles are one of the most complicated resume capitalization rules. In most cases, people would tend to capitalize on their job titles since these are hard earned titles. However, you shouldn’t necessarily capitalize job titles all of the time. There are instances when you have to capitalize on job titles, but there are also times when you do not. Take a look at some of these resume capitalization rules under job titles.

  1. You should capitalize specific job titles. However, do not capitalize a job title if it is used as a general job description. For instance:

Specific job title: “As the Program Chair of the Department of Management…”

General job title: “I am seeking a position as a program chair…”

2. Capitalize a job title if it precedes the name of the person. For instance:

Chief Executive Officer Mark Thomas.”

Vice President Henry Griffin.”

3. Capitalize a job title if it used as a heading in the resume. For instance:

“Chief Operating Officer (2015-2016)”

“Branch Manager (2010-present)”

4. Do not capitalize a job title when it is used to describe the person. For instance:

“Mark Thomas, the chief executive officer of…”

“the vice president of administration, Henry Griffin…”

5. Do not capitalize on job titles if you place them as part of a summary of jobs.

“In my fifteen years as an employee, I worked as a professional teacher, a college professor, a clinical instructor, and a clinical nurse.”

Capitalizing Work Experience

Usually, you do not capitalize the descriptions of your work experiences. In most situations, you would only state the nature of your previous related work. However, you should note that there are always exemptions to the rule. You should capitalize parts of your work experiences if they include a proper noun – such as product or company names, acronyms or initials. You should also capitalize the first word in the sentence. Let’s see how these resume capitalization rules are applied by studying the example below.

Example: “Developed a new content management system (CMS) for the Seattle Public Library.”

In the prior sentence, “CMS” is capitalized because it is an acronym and “Seattle Public Library” is capitalized because it is a proper noun.

Capitalizing Degree Programs

One of the resume capitalization rules that you should pay special attention to is the capitalization of degree programs. Here are the rules to remember.

1. You should capitalize the name of the degree program if it is a proper noun or refers to a specific subject that you studied. Usually, these proper nouns are languages. For instance:

  • Bachelor of Arts in English
  • Bachelor of Arts in French

2. Do not capitalize on the majors, programs, academic disciplines, and courses of study. For instance:

    • D. in marine biology
    • S. in environmental and natural resources

3. Here’s where it gets a little tricky. You can capitalize on the degree on your resume as long as you list it as your degree. For instance:

    • Harvard University – BA in History, summa cum laude (2010-2014)
    • University of Virginia – BS in Computer Science, cum laude (2015-2019)

4. Capitalize academic degrees only when the full name of the degree is used. For instance:

5. Capitalize the abbreviations of academic degrees. Depending on the style preferred, you may or may not put a period in between these abbreviations. For instance.

    • MA in education
    • D. in environmental sustainability

6. Do not capitalize if the program is used as a general reference. For instance:

    • I have a master’s degree in education major in mathematics.
    • I have a master’s degree in biology, a master’s degree in physics, and a doctorate degree in science education.

Capitalizing Offices and Departments

You have to capitalize the name of the offices or establishments only when you use the official name. For instance:

  1. Department of Arts, Sciences, and Teaching Education
  2. Basic Education Department
  3. Institute of Culinary Arts

You should take note that there are some departments or offices which contain proper nouns. Hence, they should always be capitalized. Be cautious with these resume capitalization rules because some people tend to overlook this.

  1. Timber Lane Elementary School
  2. Seattle Department of Transportation

Other Resume Capitalization Rules

Aside from those which we have mentioned above, there are other resume capitalization rules that you should always remember.

  1. A common convention in any formal writing, the first word of each sentence should be capitalized. Even when writing in bullet points, you should still capitalize on the first word of each point. Even short sentences.
  2. Always capitalize the names of companies. Some of these company names tend to be a little tricky, so you should have ample idea on the correct capitalization. If in doubt, better double check the name online.
  3. Always capitalize proper nouns. Of course, this is a basic rule of English title capitalization.
  4. Never write in all caps. It’s a common rule in all forms of writing. Some consider it as shouting, so you better be careful.

Conclusion

Resume capitalization rules can get a little tricky, especially if you lack the knowledge on which words to capitalize. Therefore, you need to understand these rules very well so you could create the perfect resume to impress your future employer. As they say, practice makes perfect. Keep on practicing as you improve. And also, good luck job hunting!

And remember, if you want to easily capitalize your resume job titles and other headers, try out our free title capitalization tool.

What Is a Preposition?

People use prepositions every day. In spite of their regular use, however, they are often misused and misunderstood, especially by those whose first language is not English. Today, we’re going to learn the basic functions and purposes of prepositions, as well as how to use them (especially in an academic setting).

What is a Preposition?

A preposition’s main purpose is to convey to the reader when and where an object is in relation to something else. It basically links a noun or a pronoun (which serves as the object) to other words within a sentence. A preposition may better express how an action is done, or it may state the movement, position, and possession of an object within the sentence.

We could compare a preposition to adhesive tape: just as tape holds two objects together, a preposition “binds” words together to form a meaningful sentence. We have to give credit to prepositions for being an important part of a sentence. They give meaning to a sentence and help make it more complex and enjoyable to read.

Example 1: The dancer panicked behind the curtains.

If we break the sentence down, we can see that the word behind connects the noun curtains with the verb panicked. The word helps us understand where the dancer panicked.

Example 2: The teacher has qualms concerning the student’s output.

If we study the sentence, we can see that concerning connects the teacher’s qualms with the student’s output. The preposition expresses why the teacher has qualms.

Aside from behind and concerning, there are also other prepositions. Each of these words has its own meaning. Some of the most commonly used prepositions include the following: above, after, along, at, before, below, between, beyond, during, for, in, on, through, toward, and within.

What is a Prepositional Phrase?

When a preposition begins a  group of words that express their own idea, we have a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase contains a preposition, the object of the preposition (which includes a noun or a pronoun), and any appropriate modifier of the object. It is important to be able to identify prepositional phrases. This is because the object within the prepositional phrase should not be misidentified as the direct object of the verb.

To further demonstrate what a prepositional phrase is, we have given you a few examples.

 Example 3: My dog jumped over the fence.

In the sentence, the prepositional phrase is over the fence. If we deconstruct the prepositional phrase, we can identify over as the preposition of the sentence, fence as the object of the preposition, and the as the modifier (in this case, a definite article).

 Example 4: We walked to the forest near the mountains.

If we study the sentence, we can actually identify two prepositional phrases here: to the forest and near the mountains. For the first phrase, to is the preposition while the and forest are the object and modifier of the preposition. In the second prepositional phrase, near is the preposition while the and mountains are the object and modifier of the preposition. Where did the subject (we) walk? To the forest. Where was the forest located? Near the mountains.

What is a Particle?

Here is where things go a little tricky. There are some words that look like prepositions, but they are part of a verb. These are called particles.  While they are similar in appearance and often even use a preposition, particles do not really form a relationship between the object and the rest of the sentence. Instead, particles act as either a phrasal verb or an infinitive verb. Let’s look at a few examples..

Example 5: His mother will look after his son while he’s away.

In the example, look after is the phrasal verb. It means to take care of someone. This means that the word after becomes a particle, a portion of the phrasal verb. Since it does not introduce any prepositional phrase, it is not a preposition.

Example 6: She likes to be the butterfly in the play.

In this example, the phrase to be is an infinitive form of a verb. The word to does not introduce a prepositional phrase, so it is not used as a preposition in the sentence.

To illustrate how prepositions and particles differ, let us try to study some more examples.

Example 7: Do not give in to temptation.

Example 8: You look in the bag.

In example 7, the word in was used as a particle. Specifically, it formed the phrasal verb give in, which means to surrender.  In the next example, the term was used as a preposition. It established the relationship between the object (the bag) and the verb (look). Where did you look? In the bag.

Example 9: She bought him flowers to make up for her mistakes.

Example 10: Look up at the sky and appreciate the beauty of the stars.

In example 9, the word up formed the phrasal verb make up, which means to compensate for something. So, it does not really establish a relationship of any sort within the sentence. In the second example, the term up would link the verb (look) to the object (the sky).

Wrapping Up

Prepositions are vital in sentences, because they express how things are done. They give us directions (“Look up at the sky.”), timing (“After the sun goes down, bats come out to catch their breakfast of bugs.”), and introduce direct and indirect objects of verbs (“I’m writing you concerning your recent grant proposal.”)  Because we use them in common language, it is important to be able to understand how to use each of these words appropriately.

Finally, here is a list some of the most common prepositions:

about
above
across
after
against
along
among
around
at
before
behind
below
beneath
beside
beyond
by
down
during
for
from
in
inside
into
near
of
off
on
out
outside
over
past
through
throughout
to
toward
under

Other words that can act as prepositions:

being
concerning
despite

Capitalizing Religions and Religious Holidays

Understanding religious capitalization rules can be difficult so we’re here to help. Below we’ll break down the rules for the names of religions, holy books, and people who practice a religion.

Do you capitalize religions?

Yes. When referring to religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, etc. you should always capitalize the word since religions are proper nouns. Even when referring to specific sects of a religion such as Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodox Judaism, and Sunni Islam, you capitalize the names since they are adjectives that refer to the proper noun of the religion.

Do you capitalize holy texts?

You always capitalize the titles of religious texts such as the Holy Bible, the Torah, and the Quran because these are all proper nouns. However, bible can also be used as a regular noun so you can refer to a “fisherman’s bible” in lowercase for example. In general, if you are referring to a specific religious book, you should capitalize it.

One word you don’t capitalize is biblical. Even though it is an adjective that describes a proper noun, it has lost its capitalization over the years. This is because when it is used, it generally isn’t referring the Bible itself. Instead, phrases such as “biblical proportions” refer to a grandness that has a likeness to the Bible, but is no longer exclusive to the holy text. You can see the trend of lowercasing “biblical” over time here.

Do you capitalize the name of people who practice a religion?

Whenever you refer to someone who practices a religion or religious sect since they too are proper nouns or adjectives that describe a proper noun. For example, you should capitalize the following people: Catholic, Jew, Muslim, Buddhist, or Protestant.

Do you capitalize religious holidays?

Yes, you should always capitalize religious holidays since they are proper nouns. When referring to holidays such as Christmas, Easter, Hanukkah, Yom Kippur, Ramadan, or Eid Al-Fitr, you should capitalize the entire word. If you include the word “day” at the end, you should capitalize both the holiday name and “day” since “day” is part of the holiday name in this case.

Want to learn more title capitalization rules? Try out our free title capitalization tool.

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