I.e and e.g are often mistaken words in grammar. The two abbreviations are both from Latin language but know the difference between i.e. vs e.g. can be challenging.
E.g in Latin means exempli gratia which translates in English to ‘for example.’ E.g is mostly used to introduce examples, one or several. E.g also should appear in lowercase in the middle of a sentence, also ideally these abbreviations should be followed by a comma.
I.e in Latin is ‘id est’ which means in English ‘in other words.’ I.e. is used when giving more information about a statement. I.e, also should appear in lowercase in the middle of a sentence and should be followed by a comma.
In a sentence, the two abbreviations can appear as follows:
1. On my way to town, I will go through the shopping mall I.e., the Savannah Mall.
2. On my way to town, I will go through a shopping mall e.g., Savannah or Two rivers Mall.
In the first example, it’s evident that I will visit Savannah mall and not any other mall. In my second example, it’s not clear which mall I will be visiting between Savannah and Two Rivers.
These two examples clearly show how to use these two abbreviations well in a sentence.
There are a few formatting issues you need to be aware of when using these abbreviations. You should not italize i.e and e.g in your writings even if they originate from Latin language and a comma should come after a period in the two abbreviations. I.e and e.g should mostly be used to introduce parenthetic statements, but you can also use them in other ways provided it suits well.
We hope you now understand the differences between i.e. and e.g. better!